Eu Fisheries Agreement

However, some critics argue that the application of the principle of subsidiarity to the CFP cannot improve the effectiveness of the policy, as it can lead to calling de Vivero et al. the „paradox of participation“ – the theory that the greater the number of actors involved in the decision-making process, the less important the contribution of the various actors and the less the participatory role in the political process is important. Greater decentralization in the CFP`s decision-making process can therefore silence the voice of the fishing industry, as it competes with other public, private and civilian actors, who will also be given powers. [30] While the principle of subsidiarity may facilitate the transition from government to government, advocated by many as part of the CFP reform, the participatory role of key policy actors must be maximized to ensure the development of an effective and equitable common fisheries policy. More than 20% of the EU`s ship catch is actually caught outside EU waters. 9.3% of EU catches (2014-18) are in the EEZ from third countries that are fisheries agreements with the EU, 2.2% in other third countries, while an additional 10% are caught on the high seas, mainly tropical tuna, in regions managed by regional fisheries organisations (ORPs). The first fisheries agreement between the EC and Morocco was signed in 1988. The four-year contract provided for 800 annual licences for Spanish and Portuguese trawlers and did not include any restrictions on quantities or species. In exchange, Morocco received 282 million euros. Responsibility for fishing in the Baltic Sea was shared with the International Baltic Fisheries Commission (IBFC), of which the EU was a member until 1 January 2006. The Commission ceased operations on 1 January 2007. [11] Therefore, it is proposed to improve the management of the CFP through the application of subsidiarity theory – the principle that political decisions should be dealt with at the lowest, least centralized competent level.

[25] The principle of subsidiarity was incorporated into EU policy under the 1992 Maastricht Treaty; however, it does not apply to areas such as the CFP, for which the Community remains exclusively competent. [26] A partial transfer of powers, such .B involvement of Member States in decision-making and the delegation of day-to-day fisheries management to industry-based organisations, could potentially facilitate the integration of industrial concerns into the CFP, by integrating policy actors directly involved in management decisions and by creating a CFP that promotes compliance and cooperation. [27] The EU is the world`s largest internal fishing market and a net importer of fish and fish products. These products can enter the EU market with zero or reduced tariffs from countries with which free trade agreements have been concluded by the EU or from developing countries benefiting from the EU`s System of Generalised Preferences (GSP). All „external“ fishing activities of EU vessels: in the EEZ of third countries covered by a bilateral agreement (direct authorisation regime), in orP areas, on the high seas, which are not under the jurisdiction of the ORPs, the flag member state must expressly approve. Permissions must be granted under pre-defined conditions (see the Regulation on Sustainable Management of External Fishing Fleets – „KMUFF Regulation“ below) and must be monitored on an ongoing basis to verify these conditions. EU ships remain subject to EU control rules, even outside EU waters. In February 2013, the European Parliament voted in favour of reforming the Common Fisheries Policy, including measures to protect threatened stocks and end discharges. The new CFP came into force on 1 January 2014, despite continued discussions with EU governments.

Ulrike Rodust, a member of the Bundestag, said at the presentation of the reform package: „From 2015, the principle of maximum return will apply…

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