This is a capture situation 22 in which the inhabitants of the enclave want compensation for the damage caused to their country, for which they do not have documents or legal rights by right of review. But the country is their source of livelihood and livelihood. For now, the government needs to speed up the land survey process. It is regrettable that India took more than 40 years to implement the agreement. It should be remembered that it was originally signed in 1974 and quickly ratified by Bangladesh. It is commendable that the opposition Congress party supported the law, even though the ruling BJP opposed the deal while in opposition. The border between India and Bangladesh – which is crucial for their bilateral relations – has always been difficult to manage because, on the one hand, it is so long. The most important bilateral initiative between Bangladesh and India could still be the attempt to resolve the long-standing border conflict that erupted after the 1947 partition by the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) in 2015 and the exchange of enclaves (Chhitmahals) and unfavourable possessions between the two countries. Nevertheless, the question remains: to what extent can this agreement and the exchange of enclaves and unfavourable goods pave the way for the resolution of other unresolved border issues that remain crucial? This document assesses the current situation following the exchange of enclaves and unfavourable possessions between India and Bangladesh. The implementation of the partnership agreement marks the second precedent in 12 months for the peaceful settlement of india-Bangladesh border disputes, following the price of the india-Bangladesh maritime border in July 2014 (discussed here on the blog). As with Appendix VII, the implementation of the Land Borders Agreement shows how states can ultimately depoliticize sovereignty issues and cooperate in achieving political and trade security.
In this regard, it should be noted that Prime Minister Modi`s state visit to Bangladesh, which announced the implementation of the land border agreement, also marked closer relations between India and Bangladesh, with alleged $4.5 billion in Indian investment in Bangladesh`s energy sector and An extension by India of a $2 billion credit line to Bangladesh. The list of enclaves was drawn up by both countries in 1997. In 2001, two border working groups were established to develop the details of the enclaves. A joint population census was conducted in May 2007. In September 2011, India signed the additional protocol to the 1974 border agreement with Bangladesh.  The two nations have announced that they will exchange 162 enclaves to give the inhabitants the choice of nationality.    India and Bangladesh signed the historic 1974 Boundary Agreement (LBA) on 6 June 2015 to settle the 4096-kilometre border dispute (India`s longest border with neighbouring country) between the two countries.